con·scious·ness

noun

The state of being awake and aware of one’s surroundings.

The awareness or perception of something by a person.

The fact of awareness by the mind of itself and the world.


 

1qmConsciousness is the inner spark or inner link in us, the golden link within us that connects our 2qmhighest and most illumined part with our lowest and most unillumined part.
Sri Chinmoy

 


Consciousness is the quality or state of awareness, or, of being aware of an external object or something within oneself. It has been defined as: sentience, awareness, subjectivity, the ability to experience or to feel, wakefulness, having a sense of selfhood, and the executive control system of the mind. Despite the definition, many philosophers believe that there is a broadly shared underlying intuition about what consciousness is.

Some philosophers attempt to explain consciousness directly in neurophysiological or physical terms, while others offer cognitive theories of consciousness whereby conscious mental states are reduced to some kind of representational relation between mental states and the world.

At one time consciousness was viewed with skepticism by many scientists, but in recent years it has become a significant topic of research in psychology, neuropsychology, and neuroscience. The primary focus is on understanding what it means biologically and psychologically for information to be present in consciousness—that is, on determining the neural and psychological correlates of consciousness. The majority of experimental studies assess consciousness by asking human subjects for a verbal report of their experiences. Issues of interest include phenomena such as subliminal perception, blindsight, denial of impairment, and altered states of consciousness produced by drugs and alcohol, plant medicine, shamanistic practices or spiritual or meditative techniques.

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